If we describe the development of professional communication skills as a learning curve, we can see which interventions are effective during the learning process and when they are. Communicate can be applied at various moments during this process; Not only as a simulation environment, but also by presenting background information, videos, weblinks etc.Below we will describe four phases in which Communicate can strengthen the learning process.
Phase 1: Awareness
A Communicate conversation scenario can make the player aware of not having all the knowledge and skills that are necessary to make the conversation run smoothly. By becoming familiar with this situation, the dilemmas that occur and the effects of the various options, professionals acquire an image of what is required to bring about a successful conversation.
Though at first the professional might have a kind of naive self-confidence, he now might come to realize that improvement is possible and that learning objectives can be formulated to help develop realistic self-confidence.
Phase 2: Test present skills and feedback
The conversation scenarios allow for the effect of choices to be felt in practice: e.g. a virtual client might get angry or frustrated after the wrong response. This experience may lead to the formulation of concrete and specific learning objectives. During the game the professional scores on the skills which are related to the behaviour and the intentions that apply to that specific situation. Scores are a challenge and are therefore an element of the game. During this phase we give additional instruction through video, text or other sources of information, whenever this seems relevant.
Phase 3: practicing
During this phase playing different conversation scenarios stimulates and deepens the player’s knowledge, skills and self-confidence. The professional grows into her or his role and gives further shape to it. Additional information, links, videos etc. to support this role can be supplied in the learning environment to further extend the player’s knowledge.
Phase 4: Command and final test
In a final test-dialogue the professional can demonstrate the newly developed skills. This may result in a final score with which he qualifies as a professional with good conversation skills. Scores can also be used to make a professional’s profile, to formulate new learning objectives or for the sake of management information.
Learning effects Communicate
The communication training platform of Dialogue Trainer is currently being used in various professional training programmes. The user experience in healthcare, at Utrecht University and at the Dutch Ministry of Justice is positive. The results of a scientific study of the platform’s effect on knowledge development and motivation are currently being analysed by Utrecht University.
Other studies provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of the use of virtual characters in training programmes in healthcare and among professionals.
Researchers find positive effects compared to non-intervention on a large range of subjects and students (1). In an other study participants mention increased communication skills, as well as knowledge and self-confidence. This is not true for empathy.
The findings of this study offer a sound basis for the use of virtual patients in training programmes in healthcare. (2). The training platform has been developed in collaboration with prof.J.C.Jeuring of Utrecht University, who has published on the project.
- Computerized virtual patients in health professions education: a systematic review and meta-analysis.A. Cook, P.J. Erwin, M.M. Triola, Academic Medicine, 2010, 85(10), 1589–1602.
- Student selfreported communication skills, knowledge and confidence across standardised patient, virtual and traditional clinical learning environments. Quail, S.B. Brundage, J. Spitalnick, P. J. Allen and J. Beilby BMC Medical Education (2016) 16:73
- Demo: Communicate! — a serious game for communication skills. Johan Jeuring, Frans Grosfeld, Bastiaan Heeren, Michiel Hulsbergen, Richta IJntema, Vincent Jonker, Nicole Mastenbroek, Maarten van der Smagt, Frank Wijmans, Majanne Wolters and Henk van Zeijts. Proceedings ECTEL 2015: 10th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, 2015.